Canadian Research Data Management Initiatives
This video will provide an overview of the Canadian Research Data Management initiatives in the context of global developments in the area.
This video provides an overview of Canadian Research Data Management initiatives in the context of global developments in the area. This video complements the International Research Data Management Initiatives video. Find a link to this video in the description box below this video on YouTube.
During the past twenty years, international discussions have resulted in calls for publicly funded research results to be made openly available. More recently, there is recognition that the data underlying research results should also be openly available whenever possible.
On this timeline, you can see the major Canadian initiatives. Canada’s open data initiatives began with the Open Government Initiative in 2011, followed by Canada’s Action Plan on Open Government from 2012 to 2014. These initiatives focused on open access to federal government information and data.
These initiatives led to the development of a number of federal policies and statements, created by different agencies, concerning publicly funded research. The agencies involved are working to coordinate these initiatives to align expectations and outcomes.
We will concentrate here on four broad Canadian documents that touch on research data management practices.
The first document is the Tri-Agency Open Access Policy on Publications of 2015. It has two main objectives:
To improve access to the results of agency-funded research, and
To increase the dissemination and exchange of research results.
This policy pertains primarily to journal publications.
However, there is a data-related component within the policy. Section 3.2 deals with publication-related data held by recipients of CIHR funding.
Bioinformatics, atomic, and molecular coordinate data must be deposited into an appropriate public database immediately upon publication, and
All original data must be retained for a minimum of 5 years regardless of publication status.
The second document is the Tri-Agency Statement of Principles on Digital Data Management of 2016. It outlines the expectations of government funding agencies for publicly funded research to be undertaken with sound digital data management and data stewardship practices.
It details the responsibilities of researchers, research institutions, research communities and the funders themselves in striving for research excellence. It also sets the stage for the development of future data policy initiatives.
The third document is the Data Management Principles and Guidelines for Polar Research and Monitoring in Canada. This 2017 document governs all polar research in Canada funded by Polar Knowledge Canada, the Northern Contaminants Program and the Nunavut General Monitoring Program.
The document requires that Data Management Plans be submitted as part of the application process. All documentation and data must be deposited into the Polar Data Catalogue, and data must be deposited within 1 year of the end of funding. Limited exceptions exist, especially for data that reflects Traditional and Local Knowledge.
The fourth document is the draft Tri-Agency Research Data Management Policy of 2018. It directs researchers and institutions to make concrete steps towards the development and implementation of sound data management and data stewardship practices. Specifically, it encourages researchers to complete a data management plan, and requires the deposit of all digital research data, metadata, and code directly supporting research conclusions.
It also includes the expectation that whenever possible research data and its supporting documentation will be deposited in a recognized public repository. Institutions will be responsible for providing the necessary strategies, support, and infrastructure to fulfill this expectation. The policy also outlines the responsibilities of research funders and research communities to provide support for fostering excellence in research data management practices.
The final Tri-Agency Research Data Management Policy is expected to be released in 2019 or 2020 and implemented incrementally over the next few years.
Implementation will represent an extra effort on the part of researchers and research institutions. However, the process will become more streamlined as research data management becomes standard research practice over time.
There is international recognition that making scholarly data reusable will require improved infrastructure. The FAIR Data Principles, which stands for findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable, are meant to enhance the ability of data to be found and reused by both people and machines. In order for this to happen the data must be well curated with appropriate support materials and documentation. For more information about the FAIR principles, see the link in the description box below.
As the movement to publish data under FAIR principles becomes more widely adopted, it is anticipated that the rate of data reuse will be accelerated generating new scientific discoveries.
Based on the international initiatives surrounding research data management, several Canadian initiatives have been developed in order to provide researchers and other stakeholder groups with support, tools, and training during the transition period. Initiatives include:
Research Data Canada
CIHR RDM online module
Links to all of these initiatives are available in the description box below this video on YouTube. Explore these links and discover a wealth of material available to you.
Work in this area is on going as policies are developed and implemented in Canada.
For more help please visit the University of Guelph Library’s Library Research Data Management Support Materials and Guides, or contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
Links to additional resources are also available in the description box below this video on YouTube.
International Research Data Management Initiatives Video: https://learningcommons.lib.uoguelph.ca/item/international-research-data-management-initiatives
Canada’s Action Plan on Open Government (2012-2014): https://open.canada.ca/en/canadas-action-plan-open-government
Tri-Agency Open Access Policy on Publications (2015): http://www.science.gc.ca/eic/site/063.nsf/eng/h_F6765465.html?OpenDocument
Tri-Agency Statement of Principles on Digital Data Management (2016): http://www.science.gc.ca/eic/site/063.nsf/eng/h_83F7624E.html
Data Management Principles & Guidelines for Polar Research & Monitoring in Canada (2017): https://www.canada.ca/en/polar-knowledge/publications/data-management-principles-and-guidelines-2017-may.html
Draft Tri-Agency Research Data Management Policy (2018): http://www.science.gc.ca/eic/site/063.nsf/eng/h_97610.html
FAIR Principles of Data Management: https://www.force11.org/group/fairgroup/fairprinciples
Canadian research infrastructure
Research Data Canada: https://www.rdc-drc.ca/
DMP Assistant: https://assistant.portagenetwork.ca/
CIHR RDM online module: http://www.cihr-irsc.gc.ca/lms/e/app-rdm-mod1
Polar Data Catalogue: www.polardata.ca