What is Open Access?
This video will define Open Access and how it works, and introduce you to the two ways of making research open access.
What is Open Access?
Open access is a scholarly publishing model that improves access to research. Traditional scholarly publishing models create price and permission barriers that prevent people from accessing research. In contrast, open access makes research available free of charge and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. The U of G library spends millions of dollars a year to provide students and professors with access to research. But there are many people who still have to pay out of their own pocket.
Because of the high cost of research, many practitioners, alumni, and independent scholars are unable to access research. Open Access removes these price barriers by providing online access to research free of charge. Traditional scholarly publishing models also restrict the use of research with unnecessary copyright permissions and licensing. This prevents people from reading and sharing research freely. Open Access removes these permission barriers by openly licensing research. An open license usually means people have permission to use and share research freely, as long as they provide proper attribution to the original author.
Two ways to Make Research Open Access
Gold Open Access
Gold open access involves publishing a research article in an open access journal. Open access journals provide online access to the final version of a research article, after it has been peer-reviewed. Some open access journals charge researchers an article process charge (or APC) to make their research open access. However, many open access journals don’t charge researchers a fee at all.
Green Open Access
Green open access involves self-archiving research in a digital repository. Green open access doesn’t cost researchers any money, and it’s compatible with traditional publishing. This means researchers can publish in a traditional journal, and then make their research open access by uploading it to a digital repository. Repositories don’t perform peer-review, but they often contain research that has been peer-reviewed somewhere else.
The U of G library has its own digital repository, called the atrium, where you can access research created by the U of G community. If you want to learn more about Open Access, you can always check out the other videos in this series or contact the library.
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